Total pages: 12pages
Language is an inevitable instrument of communication which individual to achieve their needs. Linguistics, however, studies language. It investigates the sound, word, syntactic and meaning of language. This study examined the morphological processes/word formation processes in a Nigerian language. Hausa language was used as case study.
Meanwhile chapters one explored the concept of language and other related discourse
Chapter two, on the other hand, describes word formation process in general.
Chapter three investigates word formation processes in Hausa language, and the study recognized only word formation processes available in Hausa language, in which, compounding, redaplication, etc.
While chapter four concludes the whole study on word formation processes in Hausa language.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
- MORPHOLOGY: AN OVERVIEW
- WORD FORMATION PROCESSES
4.1 WORD FORMATION PROCESSES IN HAUSA LANGUAGE
4.2.1 THE ELEMENT OF HAUSA COMPOUNDS
4.3.1 TYPES OF REDUPLICATION IN ENGLISH AND HAUSA
4.3.2 COMPLETE REDUPLICATION IN HAUSA (CIKAKKA NANNAGE)
4.3.3 PARTIAL REDUPLICATION IN HAUSA (RAGAGGEN NANNAGE)
Language, an indispensable tool for human communication, is studied in divergent ways. Irrespective of the area in which it is being studied, the most central to language and relevant to human communication is the word. Words play an integral role in the human ability to use language with an infinite capacity of expressions. As a result of this, word is involved in almost all the levels of linguistic studies and analysis. Words are generally classified into phonological, grammatical, morph syntactic, content and function words.
According Gleasan (1961), it is important to note that every word in the lexicon of a native speaker is encoded with phonological, syntactic, semantic and, above all, morphological information. A native speaker of a language knows how to structure the words of the speaker in accordance with the morphological rules of the language, and also how to order the sequence of words correctly to expressions or sentences in accordance with syntactic rules. The aspect of linguistics which deals with words and their entire upshots is morphology.
The aim of every morphological study, therefore, is to discover and make explicit the rules or principles, patterns, processes and systems that underlie the morphological processes in a language. It is possible, for instance, to break down Hausa word “budurwai” (girls) into smaller structural units: “budurwai” = “budurwa” + “i”. The analysis here shows that “budurwai” (girls) can be broken down into two parts. This includes the first part “budurwa”, which refers to something in the world (+ young + female + human) and the second part “i” indicates a grammatical category of a number specifying plural. The same approach can easily be applied to the word “faraa” (started), which can be analyzed thus: “Faraa = ‘fara’ (start) + ‘a’, equivalent to English past tense morpheme (-ed). However, while” budurwa” can be described as a noun, “fara” (start) is a verb and the second part ‘-a’ indicates past tense to the verb “fara” (start).
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