CLIMATE CHANGE ON HUMAN HEALTH AND AGRICULTURE

Total Pages: 19pages

Chapters: 4chapters

PREFACE

Climate change is an adverse environmental phenomenon that is causing enormous concern all over the world. It refers to some anomalies in the climate system that is a result of human activities. These anomalies include increase in the concentration of GHGs, HFCs and CFCs in earth’s atmosphere, which will ultimately lead to global warming. In fact, global warming has already begun, as earth’s temperature has risen between 0.4 and 0.8°C in the last 100 years. Nigeria is one of the world’s most densely populated countries with a population of 180 million people, half of which are considered to be in abject poverty. Nigeria is recognized as being vulnerable to climate change. Climate change and global warming if left unchecked will cause adverse effects on livelihoods in Nigeria, such as crop production, livestock production, fisheries, forestry and post-harvest activities, because the rainfall regimes and patterns will be altered, floods which devastate farmlands would occur, increase in temperature and humidity which increases pest and disease would occur and other natural disasters like floods, ocean and storm surges, which not only damage Nigerians’ livelihood but also cause harm to life and property, would occur. The paper provides a strong starting point and a useful guide for further investigations and solution finding projects, both at the local and international levels which focus on more specific issues like public health, food security, energy, adaptations and barriers to them.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE:  INTRODUCTION

  • BACKGROUND OF STUDY
  • CURRENT KNOWLEDGE ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND HEALTH
  • CURRENT KNOWLEDGE ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER TWO: IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AGRICULTURE

  • INTRODUCTION
  • CROPS
  • LIVESTOCKS
  • PEST AND DISEASES
  • ADAPTATION

CHAPTER THREE: IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON HUMAN HEALTH

  • INTRODUCTION
  • TEMPERATURE RELATED IMPACT
  • AIR QUALITY IMPACT
  • OTHER HEALTH IMPACTS

CHAPTER FOUR: CONCLUSION AND REFERENCES

4.1 CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Introduction

Human beings are exposed to climate change through changing weather patterns (for example more intense and frequent extreme events) and indirectly through changes in water, air, food quality and quantity, ecosystem functions, agriculture and the economy.

The dilemma with climate change is that it is different from many of the other types of environmental exposures: all countries in the world are affected; it is expected to become more acute over the next decades, even with greenhouse gas emissions stabilizing at year 2000 levels – and thus children will be those most affected; it plays an important role in the spatial and temporal distribution of infectious diseases and thus can affect health security; the effects are unequally distributed and are particularly severe in countries with already high disease burdens or in populations with low adaptive capacity; and the effects are highly complex and will involve a number of processes, developments, sectors and activities.

Furthermore, recent events have demonstrated that populations and health systems may be unable to cope with increases in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. These events can reduce the resilience of communities, affect vulnerable regions and localities and overwhelm the coping capacities of most societies.

 

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